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common commands

Discussion in 'General Discussion' started by berdo80, Aug 18, 2005.

  1. berdo80

    berdo80 Registered

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    I was just looking for some help. I am new to shell and looking for a good resource or simply a list of common commands. I have quite a bit of knowledge with WHM and I am just trying to learn as much as I can. Any info you can pass along would be great.

    Thanks
    Ryan
     
  2. Grooby

    Grooby Active Member

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  3. chirpy

    chirpy Well-Known Member

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  4. berdo80

    berdo80 Registered

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    Thanks guys, I will go thru these both

    Ryan
     
  5. elix

    elix Well-Known Member

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    ls Displays everything in the current directory
    ls -a Displays all files, including hidden
    ls -l Displays all files, along with the size and timestamp
    tar -zxpf <file.tar.gz> Uncompresses tar.gz files
    tar -xpf <file.tar.gz> Uncompresses .tar files
    gunzip <file> Uncompresses .gz files
    cp <file> Copies a file to a new file
    mv <file> Moves a file to a new file, or rename
    mkdir <dir> Creates a directory
    rmdir <dir> Deletes a directory
    rm <file> Deletes a file
    rm -rf <dir> Deletes a directory
    cd <dir> Moves to a directory
    cd .. Moves to a lower directory
    cd ~ Moves to your home directory
    cd - Moves to the previous directory
    pwd Displays the current directory
    pico <file> Edits a file
    ftp <site> Connect to a FTP server
    lynx <site> View a webpage
    df Displays the hard drive stats
    quota Displays your quota
    uptime Displays the uptime of the server
    uname -a Displays the operating system stats
    whoami Displays your info
    who Displays others connected to the server
    last Displays the last login
    whereis <file> Tells where a file is located
    ps -x Displays processes your running
    ps -a Displays all processes running
    ps -ux Displays running processes, with CPU/Memory usage
    kill <pid> Kills a process
    kill -9 <pid> Kills an eggdrop process
    killall <program> Kills all running process of the same type
    whatis <command> Description of commands
    man <command> Displays help on the command
    nano <file> editor that's similar to pico
    Top gives an overall view of what is going on with the server including memory usage, server load and running processes "q" to exit top
    sar -q gives a report of the process list, 1 minute and 5 minute average load every 10 minutes since midnight server time
    tar -zcf filename.tar.gz file Tars up the file or directory of your choice, replace filename.tar.gz with the name you want your tar file to have...with the tar.gz extension on the end and replace file with the file or directory you want to tar up. You can also use a path/to/file for both.
    updatedb Updates the locate/search DB.
    find / -user <username> Finds all files that belong to a specific username.
    /scripts/pkgacct2 <username> Creates a full backup of a certain cPanel account.
    /scripts/restorepkg <username> Restores a full backup which must be located in /home.
    crontab -e Allows you to edit the crontab and also look to see what is in there.

    Regards,
     
  6. markhard

    markhard Well-Known Member

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    so what about scripts on /scripts do? is there any list with explanation?
     
  7. aby

    aby Well-Known Member

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  8. chirpy

    chirpy Well-Known Member

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    ...and for any others, search the forums for them. there's no definitive list.
     
  9. Infopro

    Infopro cPanel Sr. Product Evangelist
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