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RNDC Issues

Discussion in 'General Discussion' started by edesignway, Feb 11, 2002.

  1. edesignway

    edesignway Well-Known Member

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    I an a newbie at all this named, rndc, and all that, so please go easy on me.

    I am tring to use rndc, however, I guess its not installed... when entering the commands at the command prompt, it says its not there. How do I get this installed or what might I be doing wrong?
     
  2. bdraco

    bdraco Guest

    [quote:d598dcec54][i:d598dcec54]Originally posted by edesignway[/i:d598dcec54]

    I an a newbie at all this named, rndc, and all that, so please go easy on me.

    I am tring to use rndc, however, I guess its not installed... when entering the commands at the command prompt, it says its not there. How do I get this installed or what might I be doing wrong?[/quote:d598dcec54]


    Try

    su -
     
  3. edesignway

    edesignway Well-Known Member

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    Thanks! that is what I needed to do! now hopefully my next few steps go off without a hitch!
     
  4. edesignway

    edesignway Well-Known Member

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    Would anyone be insterested in give me a little step by step help on setting this up? I am a little lost here, and I am sure it is something very simple!
     
  5. edesignway

    edesignway Well-Known Member

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    I get this when starting named, any ideas?

    Feb 18 02:06:27 edesignway named[7885]: starting BIND 9.1.0 -u named
    Feb 18 02:06:27 edesignway named[7885]: using 1 CPU
    Feb 18 02:06:27 edesignway named[7887]: loading configuration from '/etc/named.conf'
    Feb 18 02:06:27 edesignway named: named startup succeeded
    Feb 18 02:06:27 edesignway named[7887]: master.c:250: unexpected error:
    Feb 18 02:06:27 edesignway named[7887]: isc_lex_gettoken() failed: unexpected end of input
    Feb 18 02:06:27 edesignway named[7887]: zone configuration for '.' failed: unexpected error
    Feb 18 02:06:27 edesignway named[7887]: loading configuration: failure
    Feb 18 02:06:27 edesignway named[7887]: exiting (due to fatal error)
     
  6. bdraco

    bdraco Guest

    [quote:53397cdd69][i:53397cdd69]Originally posted by edesignway[/i:53397cdd69]

    I get this when starting named, any ideas?

    Feb 18 02:06:27 edesignway named[7885]: starting BIND 9.1.0 -u named
    Feb 18 02:06:27 edesignway named[7885]: using 1 CPU
    Feb 18 02:06:27 edesignway named[7887]: loading configuration from '/etc/named.conf'
    Feb 18 02:06:27 edesignway named: named startup succeeded
    Feb 18 02:06:27 edesignway named[7887]: master.c:250: unexpected error:
    Feb 18 02:06:27 edesignway named[7887]: isc_lex_gettoken() failed: unexpected end of input
    Feb 18 02:06:27 edesignway named[7887]: zone configuration for '.' failed: unexpected error
    Feb 18 02:06:27 edesignway named[7887]: loading configuration: failure
    Feb 18 02:06:27 edesignway named[7887]: exiting (due to fatal error)[/quote:53397cdd69]

    From that error it appears you have an error in your root hint zone ...
     
  7. edesignway

    edesignway Well-Known Member

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    Ok, I have fixed my root zone file. Now I am receiving this error message.

    Feb 18 15:13:42 edesignway named[22623]: couldn't open pid file '/var/run/named.pid': Permission denied

    However that file isnt there... Is there a sample file out somewhere that I can use to create my own?
     
  8. awsol

    awsol cPanel Test Bitch

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    PID files are just the proccess ID . Most programs will create one when you run them. Only thing I can think of doing is this

    pico named.pid

    Then save it and try running it. Maybe bind doesn't create one. So make a plain file and see if that works.
     
  9. awsol

    awsol cPanel Test Bitch

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    Ok I just checked my server and the named.pid file is actually in

    [/var/run/named]

    You may want to check over your settings.
     
  10. edesignway

    edesignway Well-Known Member

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    Well, what is supposed to be in the named.pid file? Can I get a sample named.pid from somewhere and just make my own that way?
     
  11. moronhead

    moronhead Well-Known Member

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    [quote:3ccb929354][i:3ccb929354]Originally posted by edesignway[/i:3ccb929354]

    Well, what is supposed to be in the named.pid file? Can I get a sample named.pid from somewhere and just make my own that way?[/quote:3ccb929354]

    try:

    touch /var/run/named.pid

    chown named.named /var/run/named.pid

    /scripts/restartsrv bind

    (in this order)

    Did bind start?
     
  12. edesignway

    edesignway Well-Known Member

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    This is what is returned.

    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31944]: starting BIND 9.1.0 -u named
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31944]: using 1 CPU
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31946]: loading configuration from '/etc/named.conf'
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named: named startup succeeded
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31946]: zone '0.0.127.in-addr.arpa': 'check-names' is not implemented
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31946]: zone 'localhost': 'check-names' is not implemented
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31946]: the default for the 'auth-nxdomain' option is now 'no'
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31946]: set maximum open files to -1: permission denied
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31946]: no IPv6 interfaces found
    --
    It lists all of my IPS
    --
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31946]: command channel listening on 127.0.0.1#953
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31946]: couldn't open pid file '/var/run/named.pid': Permission denied
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31946]: exiting (due to early fatal error)
     
  13. moronhead

    moronhead Well-Known Member

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    [quote:86f1dc8cfd][i:86f1dc8cfd]Originally posted by edesignway[/i:86f1dc8cfd]

    This is what is returned.

    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31944]: starting BIND 9.1.0 -u named
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31944]: using 1 CPU
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31946]: loading configuration from '/etc/named.conf'
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named: named startup succeeded
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31946]: zone '0.0.127.in-addr.arpa': 'check-names' is not implemented
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31946]: zone 'localhost': 'check-names' is not implemented
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31946]: the default for the 'auth-nxdomain' option is now 'no'
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31946]: set maximum open files to -1: permission denied
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31946]: no IPv6 interfaces found
    --
    It lists all of my IPS
    --
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31946]: command channel listening on 127.0.0.1#953
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31946]: couldn't open pid file '/var/run/named.pid': Permission denied
    Feb 19 01:31:33 edesignway named[31946]: exiting (due to early fatal error)
    [/quote:86f1dc8cfd]

    Could you run a search in your /etc/named.conf to see if you have these somewhere in it:

    files unlimited

    check-names

    named.pid

    directory

    If you do have any of these, can you copy and paste the relevant lines or sections on here (you could mask the actual domain names).
     
  14. edesignway

    edesignway Well-Known Member

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    This is what I have...

    options {
    directory &/var/named&;
    pid-file &/var/run/named.pid&;
    files unlimited;
    recursion yes;
    forward first;

    forwarders


    zone &0.0.127.in-addr.arpa&
    {
    type master;
    file &127.0.0.zone&;
    check-names fail;
    allow-update { none; };
    };

    zone &localhost&
    {
    type master;
    file &localhost.zone&;
    check-names fail;
    allow-update { none; };
     
  15. bdraco

    bdraco Guest

    [quote:9411935d67][i:9411935d67]Originally posted by edesignway[/i:9411935d67]

    This is what I have...

    options {
    directory &/var/named&;
    pid-file &/var/run/named.pid&;
    files unlimited;
    recursion yes;
    forward first;

    forwarders


    zone &0.0.127.in-addr.arpa&
    {
    type master;
    file &127.0.0.zone&;
    check-names fail;
    allow-update { none; };
    };

    zone &localhost&
    {
    type master;
    file &localhost.zone&;
    check-names fail;
    allow-update { none; };[/quote:9411935d67]

    Email me your server's ip and root password and I'll fix it for you

    nick@cpanel.net

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  16. moronhead

    moronhead Well-Known Member

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    [quote:ff1e19ccfb][i:ff1e19ccfb]Originally posted by edesignway[/i:ff1e19ccfb]

    This is what I have...

    options {
    directory &/var/named&;
    pid-file &/var/run/named.pid&;
    files unlimited;
    recursion yes;
    forward first;

    forwarders


    zone &0.0.127.in-addr.arpa&
    {
    type master;
    file &127.0.0.zone&;
    check-names fail;
    allow-update { none; };
    };

    zone &localhost&
    {
    type master;
    file &localhost.zone&;
    check-names fail;
    allow-update { none; };[/quote:ff1e19ccfb]

    Best is to let Nick handle it for you as you may have other problems with your named.conf and bind.

    I was going to suggest these remedies:

    Delete these 3 lines in named.conf:

    files unlimited; (this is probably what's giving you this error: [set maximum open files to -1: permission denied] -1 indicating unlimited)

    check-names fail; (both occurrences - I think this directive has become obsolete with bind 9)

    Change this line:

    pid-file &/var/run/named.pid&;

    to:

    pid-file &/var/run/named/named.pid&; (the ; at the end is a must or things will go haywire ;) )

    try to make sure after all those lines under options { ....... you have a closing brace as }; just like the other sections (can't see the closing brace in your post)

    and save the named.conf.

    Then try this at the command line to get rid of this error: [couldn't open pid file '/var/run/named.pid': Permission denied.]

    [b:ff1e19ccfb]mkdir /var/run/named[/b:ff1e19ccfb]
    (this will create the directory you've just specified in named.conf; if the directory already exists, that's fine; it'll just say: No such file or directory)

    [b:ff1e19ccfb]chown named.named /var/run/named[/b:ff1e19ccfb]
    (this will make user &named& the owner of the directory so it can have the permissions to read the contents and create files in the directory)

    [b:ff1e19ccfb]touch /var/run/named/named.pid[/b:ff1e19ccfb]
    (this will create the file named.pid in the directory - as specified in named.conf)

    [b:ff1e19ccfb]chown named.named /var/run/named/named.pid[/b:ff1e19ccfb]
    (this will make user &named& the owner of the file so it can have the permissions to read and write the process ID to the file when you start bind, e.g. 4589)

    I think the warning that says [the default for the 'auth-nxdomain' option is now 'no'] is harmless although it can be eliminated.

    Then restart bind as previously:

    [b:ff1e19ccfb]/scripts/restartsrv bind[/b:ff1e19ccfb]

    Good luck!
     
  17. edesignway

    edesignway Well-Known Member

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    Well, so far everything appears to be resolving properly! I just would like to give a BIG thanks to everyone that helped me out. I appreciate it very much!! If there is anything you guys ever need, I'll be here!
     
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