SOLVED update AlmaLinux OS 8 issue

bz87

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hi so i tried updating my server from Cent os 8 to AlmaLinux OS 8

Using this guide


II can follow along up to step 3 but

In step 4 when i run this command

bash almalinux-deploy.sh


Im getting this
almalinux-deploy.sh: line 47: /var/log/almalinux-deploy.debug.log: Permission denied

I'm not sure why I'm getting Permission denied

Appreciate any advice. Thanks!

Extra Info: I'm not a techy person and im on mac using terminal to access my root server
 

Spirogg

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Feb 21, 2018
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hi so i tried updating my server from Cent os 8 to AlmaLinux OS 8

Using this guide


II can follow along up to step 3 but

In step 4 when i run this command

bash almalinux-deploy.sh


Im getting this
almalinux-deploy.sh: line 47: /var/log/almalinux-deploy.debug.log: Permission denied

I'm not sure why I'm getting Permission denied

Appreciate any advice. Thanks!

Extra Info: I'm not a techy person and im on mac using terminal to access my root server
set up executable permission using the chmod command, run:
chmod -v +x almalinux-deploy.sh

then try it again
 

Spirogg

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bz87

Member
Jul 22, 2021
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set up executable permission using the chmod command, run:
chmod -v +x almalinux-deploy.sh

then try it again
Thanks ill give it a shot

ALSO i just realise when I use command

dnf -y update

I get this error

Error: Failed to download metadata for repo 'appstream': Cannot prepare internal mirrorlist: No URLs in mirrorlist




@bz87 are you running it as root?
That error suggests that you are not.
Yeah I am running as root.
 

Spirogg

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Feb 21, 2018
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ALSO i just realise when I use command

dnf -y update

I get this error

Error: Failed to download metadata for repo 'appstream': Cannot prepare internal mirrorlist: No URLs in mirrorlist

please read from AlmaLinux Github page in the link I have above


In order to convert your EL8 operating system to AlmaLinux do the following:

  1. CentOS 8.4 or 8.5 is required to convert to AlmaLinux. It is recommended to update to 8.5 prior to moving to AlmaLinux but not required if you are on at least CentOS 8.4. Rebooting after the updates is recommended if your system received new updates.
    sudo dnf update -y
    sudo reboot
  • As of January 31, 2022 the CentOS 8 mirrorlists are offline. In order to successfully perform dnf update -y you need to update your dnf config files to point to a valid mirror. You can use the following sed commands for convenience to restore dnf to a functional state that will let you update to 8.5 and subsequently AlmaLinux

EDIT:

from Almalinux Github page
here are the mirrors

Code:
[LIST]
[*]

sudo sed -i -e '/mirrorlist=http:\/\/mirrorlist.centos.org\/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=/ s/^#*/#/' -e '/baseurl=http:\/\/mirror.centos.org\/$contentdir\/$releasever\// s/^#*/#/' -e '/^\[baseos\]/a baseurl=https://mirror.rackspace.com/centos-vault/8.5.2111/BaseOS/$basearch/os' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-BaseOS.repo
sudo sed -i -e '/mirrorlist=http:\/\/mirrorlist.centos.org\/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=/ s/^#*/#/' -e '/baseurl=http:\/\/mirror.centos.org\/$contentdir\/$releasever\// s/^#*/#/' -e '/^\[appstream\]/a baseurl=https://mirror.rackspace.com/centos-vault/8.5.2111/AppStream/$basearch/os' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-AppStream.repo
sudo sed -i -e '/mirrorlist=http:\/\/mirrorlist.centos.org\/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=/ s/^#*/#/' -e '/baseurl=http:\/\/mirror.centos.org\/$contentdir\/$releasever\// s/^#*/#/' -e '/^\[cr\]/a baseurl=https://mirror.rackspace.com/centos-vault/8.5.2111/ContinuousRelease/$basearch/os' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-ContinuousRelease.repo
sudo sed -i -e '/mirrorlist=http:\/\/mirrorlist.centos.org\/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=/ s/^#*/#/' -e '/baseurl=http:\/\/mirror.centos.org\/$contentdir\/$releasever\// s/^#*/#/' -e '/^\[devel\]/a baseurl=https://mirror.rackspace.com/centos-vault/8.5.2111/Devel/$basearch/os' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-Devel.repo
sudo sed -i -e '/mirrorlist=http:\/\/mirrorlist.centos.org\/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=/ s/^#*/#/' -e '/baseurl=http:\/\/mirror.centos.org\/$contentdir\/$releasever\// s/^#*/#/' -e '/^\[extras\]/a baseurl=https://mirror.rackspace.com/centos-vault/8.5.2111/extras/$basearch/os' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-Extras.repo
sudo sed -i -e '/mirrorlist=http:\/\/mirrorlist.centos.org\/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=/ s/^#*/#/' -e '/baseurl=http:\/\/mirror.centos.org\/$contentdir\/$releasever\// s/^#*/#/' -e '/^\[fasttrack\]/a baseurl=https://mirror.rackspace.com/centos-vault/8.5.2111/fasttrack/$basearch/os' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-FastTrack.repo
sudo sed -i -e '/mirrorlist=http:\/\/mirrorlist.centos.org\/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=/ s/^#*/#/' -e '/baseurl=http:\/\/mirror.centos.org\/$contentdir\/$releasever\// s/^#*/#/' -e '/^\[ha\]/a baseurl=https://mirror.rackspace.com/centos-vault/8.5.2111/HighAvailability/$basearch/os' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-HighAvailability.repo
sudo sed -i -e '/mirrorlist=http:\/\/mirrorlist.centos.org\/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=/ s/^#*/#/' -e '/baseurl=http:\/\/mirror.centos.org\/$contentdir\/$releasever\// s/^#*/#/' -e '/^\[plus\]/a baseurl=https://mirror.rackspace.com/centos-vault/8.5.2111/centosplus/$basearch/os' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-Plus.repo
sudo sed -i -e '/mirrorlist=http:\/\/mirrorlist.centos.org\/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=/ s/^#*/#/' -e '/baseurl=http:\/\/mirror.centos.org\/$contentdir\/$releasever\// s/^#*/#/' -e '/^\[powertools\]/a baseurl=https://mirror.rackspace.com/centos-vault/8.5.2111/PowerTools/$basearch/os' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-PowerTools.repo

[*]
[/LIST]

you might need to update the mirrors first
if your root you can exclude the sudo part for each one
so you can copy and paste starting with sed

example: copy and paste in terminal one by one and enter after each one
so
sed -i -e '/mirrorlist=http:\/\/mirrorlist.centos.org\/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=/ s/^#*/#/' -e '/baseurl=http:\/\/mirror.centos.org\/$contentdir\/$releasever\// s/^#*/#/' -e '/^\[baseos\]/a baseurl=https://mirror.rackspace.com/centos-vault/8.5.2111/BaseOS/$basearch/os' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-BaseOS.repo
then click enter.
then the next and so on.

then run dnf update -y
then reboot
then move on the the
bash almalinux-deploy.sh

i would follow this GitHub - AlmaLinux/almalinux-deploy: EL to AlmaLinux migration tool.
 
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bz87

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please read from AlmaLinux Github page in the link I have above


In order to convert your EL8 operating system to AlmaLinux do the following:

  1. CentOS 8.4 or 8.5 is required to convert to AlmaLinux. It is recommended to update to 8.5 prior to moving to AlmaLinux but not required if you are on at least CentOS 8.4. Rebooting after the updates is recommended if your system received new updates.
    sudo dnf update -y
    sudo reboot
  • As of January 31, 2022 the CentOS 8 mirrorlists are offline. In order to successfully perform dnf update -y you need to update your dnf config files to point to a valid mirror. You can use the following sed commands for convenience to restore dnf to a functional state that will let you update to 8.5 and subsequently AlmaLinux

EDIT:

from Almalinux Github page
here are the mirrors

Code:
[LIST]
[*]

sudo sed -i -e '/mirrorlist=http:\/\/mirrorlist.centos.org\/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=/ s/^#*/#/' -e '/baseurl=http:\/\/mirror.centos.org\/$contentdir\/$releasever\// s/^#*/#/' -e '/^\[baseos\]/a baseurl=https://mirror.rackspace.com/centos-vault/8.5.2111/BaseOS/$basearch/os' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-BaseOS.repo
sudo sed -i -e '/mirrorlist=http:\/\/mirrorlist.centos.org\/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=/ s/^#*/#/' -e '/baseurl=http:\/\/mirror.centos.org\/$contentdir\/$releasever\// s/^#*/#/' -e '/^\[appstream\]/a baseurl=https://mirror.rackspace.com/centos-vault/8.5.2111/AppStream/$basearch/os' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-AppStream.repo
sudo sed -i -e '/mirrorlist=http:\/\/mirrorlist.centos.org\/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=/ s/^#*/#/' -e '/baseurl=http:\/\/mirror.centos.org\/$contentdir\/$releasever\// s/^#*/#/' -e '/^\[cr\]/a baseurl=https://mirror.rackspace.com/centos-vault/8.5.2111/ContinuousRelease/$basearch/os' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-ContinuousRelease.repo
sudo sed -i -e '/mirrorlist=http:\/\/mirrorlist.centos.org\/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=/ s/^#*/#/' -e '/baseurl=http:\/\/mirror.centos.org\/$contentdir\/$releasever\// s/^#*/#/' -e '/^\[devel\]/a baseurl=https://mirror.rackspace.com/centos-vault/8.5.2111/Devel/$basearch/os' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-Devel.repo
sudo sed -i -e '/mirrorlist=http:\/\/mirrorlist.centos.org\/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=/ s/^#*/#/' -e '/baseurl=http:\/\/mirror.centos.org\/$contentdir\/$releasever\// s/^#*/#/' -e '/^\[extras\]/a baseurl=https://mirror.rackspace.com/centos-vault/8.5.2111/extras/$basearch/os' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-Extras.repo
sudo sed -i -e '/mirrorlist=http:\/\/mirrorlist.centos.org\/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=/ s/^#*/#/' -e '/baseurl=http:\/\/mirror.centos.org\/$contentdir\/$releasever\// s/^#*/#/' -e '/^\[fasttrack\]/a baseurl=https://mirror.rackspace.com/centos-vault/8.5.2111/fasttrack/$basearch/os' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-FastTrack.repo
sudo sed -i -e '/mirrorlist=http:\/\/mirrorlist.centos.org\/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=/ s/^#*/#/' -e '/baseurl=http:\/\/mirror.centos.org\/$contentdir\/$releasever\// s/^#*/#/' -e '/^\[ha\]/a baseurl=https://mirror.rackspace.com/centos-vault/8.5.2111/HighAvailability/$basearch/os' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-HighAvailability.repo
sudo sed -i -e '/mirrorlist=http:\/\/mirrorlist.centos.org\/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=/ s/^#*/#/' -e '/baseurl=http:\/\/mirror.centos.org\/$contentdir\/$releasever\// s/^#*/#/' -e '/^\[plus\]/a baseurl=https://mirror.rackspace.com/centos-vault/8.5.2111/centosplus/$basearch/os' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-Plus.repo
sudo sed -i -e '/mirrorlist=http:\/\/mirrorlist.centos.org\/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=/ s/^#*/#/' -e '/baseurl=http:\/\/mirror.centos.org\/$contentdir\/$releasever\// s/^#*/#/' -e '/^\[powertools\]/a baseurl=https://mirror.rackspace.com/centos-vault/8.5.2111/PowerTools/$basearch/os' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-PowerTools.repo

[*]
[/LIST]

you might need to update the mirrors first
if your root you can exclude the sudo part for each one
so you can copy and paste starting with sed

example: copy and paste in terminal one by one and enter after each one
so
sed -i -e '/mirrorlist=http:\/\/mirrorlist.centos.org\/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=/ s/^#*/#/' -e '/baseurl=http:\/\/mirror.centos.org\/$contentdir\/$releasever\// s/^#*/#/' -e '/^\[baseos\]/a baseurl=https://mirror.rackspace.com/centos-vault/8.5.2111/BaseOS/$basearch/os' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-BaseOS.repo
then click enter.
then the next and so on.

then run dnf update -y
then reboot
then move on the the
bash almalinux-deploy.sh

i would follow this GitHub - AlmaLinux/almalinux-deploy: EL to AlmaLinux migration tool.
Thanks man succesfully updated to Almalinux!
 
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Spirogg

Well-Known Member
Feb 21, 2018
700
161
43
chicago
cPanel Access Level
Root Administrator
Thanks man succesfully updated to Almalinux!
I am Glad it worked for you :) did you add the mirrors sed then dnf update -y then reboot then run bash ?
just so if anyone else decides to try they know it worked for you ;)

have a great night or morning evening whatever time its there. I am going to sleep now its 3:50am been up almost 22 hrs I am beat.

Kind Regards,
Spiro