The Community Forums

Interact with an entire community of cPanel & WHM users!
  1. This site uses cookies. By continuing to use this site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Learn More.

User strays out of virtual domain causing Kaos!

Discussion in 'General Discussion' started by ozzi4648, Jan 5, 2003.

  1. ozzi4648

    ozzi4648 Guest

    This is exactly what i was afraid of and i addressed the issue some weeks back. SSH and the users ability to stray out of their virtual domain webspace. Now unless i am crazy or something this user also modified httpd.conf to suit their own likeing. I am still investigating to find out how the following was added to the users virtual domain container:

    &VirtualHost 64.246.38.122&
    ServerAlias www.reseller-watercool.com reseller-watercool.com
    ServerAdmin webmaster@reseller-watercool.com
    DocumentRoot /home/coffero/public_html
    BytesLog domlogs/reseller-watercool.com-bytes_log
    User coffero
    Group coffero
    ServerName www.reseller-watercool.com
    CustomLog domlogs/reseller-watercool.com combined
    Options -ExecCGI -Includes &&&&--------------------------- LOOK!@
    &/VirtualHost&

    I sure didnt add it so how did it get there.

    We had a situation here yesterday where a reseller setup an account called cristy.com. Yes they were able to deliagate SSH capabilities to their users and all users have been warned that if our server is jeapadized because of one of their customers they will be responsible.

    I guess the warning didnt sink in somebodies head and while online yesterday i noticed all these servers connecting to port 6667. Checking the users virtual domain revealed nothing, just frontpage directories with zero content.

    It was time to look for hidden directories and upon doing so, we found the following hidden directory, created by cristy after leaving her own virtual domain space: /tmp/.,.

    /tmp/.,. contains the following:

    drwxr-xr-x 3 cristy cristy 4096 Jan 4 06:21 ./
    drwxrwxrwt 3 root root 4096 Jan 5 14:02 ../
    drwxr-xr-x 4 cristy cristy 4096 Jan 4 07:00 emech-2.8.4-linux-static/
    -rw-r--r-- 1 cristy cristy 309766 Apr 17 2002 emech-2.8.4-linux-static.tar.gz

    EnergyMech bot. I thought eggdrops and ircq were being detected by cPanel during its nightly cleanup but i guess it doesnt look in hidden directories so that pretty useless.

    Again, i just dont understand how Ensim can create an SSH environment where users are jailed to their own virtual domain webspace yet cPanel is unable to do this. Has anyone got any solutions to this. We really need this!!!!

    Today i am searching my server looking for any damage that this idiot may have done.
     
  2. ozzi4648

    ozzi4648 Guest

    [quote:e9f1e51a0a][i:e9f1e51a0a]Originally posted by thaphantom[/i:e9f1e51a0a]

    well /tmp/ is world readable, and has to be for linux. anyone can get into it via SSH, sorry but this cant be changed. If you remove the world readable on linux, then no tmp files can be created in there. There is not much that they did but put in an eggdrop, or that they really can do. So kill the eggdrop and kill the account.[/quote:e9f1e51a0a]

    Since cPanel is unable to do this im think im going to compile my own version of OpenSSH and apply the chroot_user patch to my distribution.

    diff -uNr openssh-3.5p1/auth.c openssh-3.5p1-chroot/auth.c
    --- openssh-3.5p1/auth.c 2002-09-21 10:26:53.000000000 -0500
    +++ openssh-3.5p1-chroot/auth.c 2003-01-01 21:08:36.000000000 -0600
    @@ -359,6 +359,13 @@
    return expand_filename(options.authorized_keys_file2, pw);
    }

    +char *
    +chroot_dir(struct passwd *pw)
    +{
    + return expand_filename(options.chroot_dir, pw);
    +}
    +
    +
    /* return ok if key exists in sysfile or userfile */
    HostStatus
    check_key_in_hostfiles(struct passwd *pw, Key *key, const char *host,
    diff -uNr openssh-3.5p1/auth.h openssh-3.5p1-chroot/auth.h
    --- openssh-3.5p1/auth.h 2002-09-26 22:26:01.000000000 -0500
    +++ openssh-3.5p1-chroot/auth.h 2003-01-01 21:08:37.000000000 -0600
    @@ -165,6 +165,7 @@
    char *expand_filename(const char *, struct passwd *);
    char *authorized_keys_file(struct passwd *);
    char *authorized_keys_file2(struct passwd *);
    +char *chroot_dir(struct passwd *);

    int
    secure_filename(FILE *, const char *, struct passwd *, char *, size_t);
    diff -uNr openssh-3.5p1/configure.ac openssh-3.5p1-chroot/configure.ac
    --- openssh-3.5p1/configure.ac 2002-09-25 19:38:47.000000000 -0500
    +++ openssh-3.5p1-chroot/configure.ac 2003-01-01 21:08:45.000000000 -0600
    @@ -682,6 +682,19 @@

    AC_FUNC_GETPGRP

    +
    +CHROOT_MSG=&no&
    +AC_ARG_WITH(chroot,
    + [ --with-chroot Enable Chroot Support],
    + [
    + CHROOT_MSG=&yes&
    + ]
    +)
    +
    +if test &x$CHROOT_MSG& = &xyes&; then
    + AC_DEFINE(CHROOT,1, Define if you want to enable CHROOT support)
    +fi
    +
    # Check for PAM libs
    PAM_MSG=&no&
    AC_ARG_WITH(pam,
    @@ -2463,6 +2476,7 @@
    fi
    echo & Manpage format: $MANTYPE&
    echo & PAM support: ${PAM_MSG}&
    +echo & Chroot support: $CHROOT_MSG&
    echo & KerberosIV support: $KRB4_MSG&
    echo & KerberosV support: $KRB5_MSG&
    echo & Smartcard support: $SCARD_MSG&
    diff -uNr openssh-3.5p1/loginrec.c openssh-3.5p1-chroot/loginrec.c
    --- openssh-3.5p1/loginrec.c 2002-09-25 19:38:49.000000000 -0500
    +++ openssh-3.5p1-chroot/loginrec.c 2003-01-01 21:08:50.000000000 -0600
    @@ -1320,6 +1320,7 @@
    static int
    syslogin_perform_logout(struct logininfo *li)
    {
    +# ifndef CHROOT
    # ifdef HAVE_LOGOUT
    char line[8];

    @@ -1337,6 +1338,7 @@
    * routines are in libutil so they should all be there,
    * but... */
    # endif
    +# endif
    return 1;
    }

    diff -uNr openssh-3.5p1/pathnames.h openssh-3.5p1-chroot/pathnames.h
    --- openssh-3.5p1/pathnames.h 2002-06-06 14:57:34.000000000 -0500
    +++ openssh-3.5p1-chroot/pathnames.h 2003-01-01 21:08:57.000000000 -0600
    @@ -97,6 +97,9 @@
    /* backward compat for protocol v2 */
    #define _PATH_SSH_USER_PERMITTED_KEYS2 &.ssh/authorized_keys2&

    +/* default user chroot dir */
    +#define _SSH_USER_CHROOT_DIR &chome&
    +
    /*
    * Per-user and system-wide ssh &rc& files. These files are executed with
    * /bin/sh before starting the shell or command if they exist. They will be
    diff -uNr openssh-3.5p1/servconf.c openssh-3.5p1-chroot/servconf.c
    --- openssh-3.5p1/servconf.c 2002-09-04 23:35:15.000000000 -0500
    +++ openssh-3.5p1-chroot/servconf.c 2003-01-02 00:15:21.000000000 -0600
    @@ -109,6 +109,8 @@
    options-&num_deny_users = 0;
    options-&num_allow_groups = 0;
    options-&num_deny_groups = 0;
    + options-&num_chroot_users = 0;
    + options-&num_nochroot_users = 0;
    options-&ciphers = NULL;
    options-&macs = NULL;
    options-&protocol = SSH_PROTO_UNKNOWN;
    @@ -121,8 +123,10 @@
    options-&verify_reverse_mapping = -1;
    options-&client_alive_interval = -1;
    options-&client_alive_count_max = -1;
    + options-&chroot_dir = NULL;
    options-&authorized_keys_file = NULL;
    options-&authorized_keys_file2 = NULL;
    + options-&chroot_all = -1;

    /* Needs to be accessable in many places */
    use_privsep = -1;
    @@ -255,7 +259,10 @@
    }
    if (options-&authorized_keys_file == NULL)
    options-&authorized_keys_file = _PATH_SSH_USER_PERMITTED_KEYS;
    -
    + if (options-&chroot_dir == NULL)
    + options-&chroot_dir = _SSH_USER_CHROOT_DIR;
    + if (options-&chroot_all == -1 )
    + options-&chroot_dir = NULL;
    /* Turn privilege separation on by default */
    if (use_privsep == -1)
    use_privsep = 1;
    @@ -295,12 +302,12 @@
    sX11Forwarding, sX11DisplayOffset, sX11UseLocalhost,
    sStrictModes, sEmptyPasswd, sKeepAlives,
    sPermitUserEnvironment, sUseLogin, sAllowTcpForwarding, sCompression,
    - sAllowUsers, sDenyUsers, sAllowGroups, sDenyGroups,
    + sAllowUsers, sDenyUsers, sChrootUsers, sNoChrootUsers, sAllowGroups, sDenyGroups,
    sIgnoreUserKnownHosts, sCiphers, sMacs, sProtocol, sPidFile,
    sGatewayPorts, sPubkeyAuthentication, sXAuthLocation, sSubsystem, sMaxStartups,
    sBanner, sVerifyReverseMapping, sHostbasedAuthentication,
    sHostbasedUsesNameFromPacketOnly, sClientAliveInterval,
    - sClientAliveCountMax, sAuthorizedKeysFile, sAuthorizedKeysFile2,
    + sClientAliveCountMax, sAuthorizedKeysFile, sAuthorizedKeysFile2,sChrootDir,sChrootAll,
    sUsePrivilegeSeparation,
    sDeprecated
    } ServerOpCodes;
    @@ -364,6 +371,8 @@
    { &allowtcpforwarding&, sAllowTcpForwarding },
    { &allowusers&, sAllowUsers },
    { &denyusers&, sDenyUsers },
    + { &chrootusers&, sChrootUsers },
    + { &nochrootusers&, sNoChrootUsers },
    { &allowgroups&, sAllowGroups },
    { &denygroups&, sDenyGroups },
    { &ciphers&, sCiphers },
    @@ -379,6 +388,8 @@
    { &clientalivecountmax&, sClientAliveCountMax },
    { &authorizedkeysfile&, sAuthorizedKeysFile },
    { &authorizedkeysfile2&, sAuthorizedKeysFile2 },
    + { &chrootdir&, sChrootDir },
    + { &chrootall&, sChrootAll },
    { &useprivilegeseparation&, sUsePrivilegeSeparation},
    { NULL, sBadOption }
    };
    @@ -787,6 +798,24 @@
    }
    break;

    + case sChrootUsers:
    + while ((arg = strdelim(&cp)) && *arg != '\0') {
    + if (options-&num_chroot_users &= MAX_CHROOT_USERS)
    + fatal( &%s line %d: too many chroot users.&,
    + filename, linenum);
    + options-&chroot_users[options-&num_chroot_users++] =
    + xstrdup(arg);
    + }
    + break;
    + case sNoChrootUsers:
    + while ((arg = strdelim(&cp)) && *arg != '\0') {
    + if (options-&num_nochroot_users &= MAX_CHROOT_USERS)
    + fatal( &%s line %d: too many NonChroot'ed users.&,
    + filename, linenum);
    + options-&nochroot_users[options-&num_nochroot_users++] =
    + xstrdup(arg);
    + }
    + break;
    case sAllowGroups:
    while ((arg = strdelim(&cp)) && *arg != '\0') {
    if (options-&num_allow_groups &= MAX_ALLOW_GROUPS)
    @@ -901,6 +930,13 @@
    &options-&authorized_keys_file2;
    goto parse_filename;

    + case sChrootDir:
    + charptr = &options-&chroot_dir;
    + goto parse_filename;
    + case sChrootAll:
    + intptr = &options-&chroot_all;
    + goto parse_flag;
    +
    case sClientAliveInterval:
    intptr = &options-&client_alive_interval;
    goto parse_time;
    diff -uNr openssh-3.5p1/servconf.h openssh-3.5p1-chroot/servconf.h
    --- openssh-3.5p1/servconf.h 2002-07-31 20:28:39.000000000 -0500
    +++ openssh-3.5p1-chroot/servconf.h 2003-01-01 21:09:01.000000000 -0600
    @@ -20,6 +20,7 @@

    #define MAX_ALLOW_USERS 256 /* Max # users on allow list. */
    #define MAX_DENY_USERS 256 /* Max # users on deny list. */
    +#define MAX_CHROOT_USERS 256 /* Max # of Chroot Users, fairly useless, no? */
    #define MAX_ALLOW_GROUPS 256 /* Max # groups on allow list. */
    #define MAX_DENY_GROUPS 256 /* Max # groups on deny list. */
    #define MAX_SUBSYSTEMS 256 /* Max # subsystems. */
    @@ -105,6 +106,10 @@
    char *allow_users[MAX_ALLOW_USERS];
    u_int num_deny_users;
    char *deny_users[MAX_DENY_USERS];
    + u_int num_chroot_users;
    + char * chroot_users[MAX_CHROOT_USERS];
    + u_int num_nochroot_users;
    + char * nochroot_users[MAX_CHROOT_USERS];
    u_int num_allow_groups;
    char *allow_groups[MAX_ALLOW_GROUPS];
    u_int num_deny_groups;
    @@ -131,6 +136,8 @@

    char *authorized_keys_file; /* File containing public keys */
    char *authorized_keys_file2;
    + int chroot_all;
    + char *chroot_dir;
    int pam_authentication_via_kbd_int;
    } ServerOptions;

    diff -uNr openssh-3.5p1/session.c openssh-3.5p1-chroot/session.c
    --- openssh-3.5p1/session.c 2003-01-03 04:29:19.000000000 -0600
    +++ openssh-3.5p1-chroot/session.c 2003-01-03 04:30:11.000000000 -0600
    @@ -57,11 +57,15 @@
    #include &canohost.h&
    #include &session.h&
    #include &monitor_wrap.h&
    +#include &match.h&
    +#include &readconf.h&
    +

    #ifdef HAVE_CYGWIN
    #include &windows.h&
    #include &sys/cygwin.h&
    #define is_winnt (GetVersion() & 0x80000000)
    +#undef CHROOT
    #endif

    /* func */
    @@ -87,6 +91,11 @@

    static int session_pty_req(Session *);

    +#ifdef CHROOT
    +int chroot_ok (struct passwd *pw);
    +#endif
    +
    +
    /* import */
    extern ServerOptions options;
    extern char *__progname;
    @@ -1191,10 +1200,51 @@
    }
    }

    +#ifdef CHROOT
    +int
    +chroot_ok (struct passwd *pw)
    +{
    +
    + int i,rv=0;
    + const char *hostname = NULL;
    + const char *ipaddr = NULL;
    +
    + hostname = get_canonical_hostname (options.verify_reverse_mapping);
    + ipaddr = get_remote_ipaddr ();
    + if (options.chroot_all){
    + rv = 1;
    + for (i = 0; i & options.num_nochroot_users; i++){
    + if (match_user (pw-&pw_name, hostname, ipaddr, options.nochroot_users)){
    + debug (&Match found for %s@%s[%s]:%s&, pw-&pw_name, ipaddr,
    + hostname, options.nochroot_users);
    + return 0;
    + }
    + }
    + }
    + else if (options.num_chroot_users & 0){
    + for (i = 0; i & options.num_chroot_users; i++){
    + if (match_user (pw-&pw_name, hostname, ipaddr, options.chroot_users)){
    + debug (&Match found for %s@%s[%s]:%s&, pw-&pw_name, ipaddr,
    + hostname, options.chroot_users);
    + return 1;
    + }
    + }
    + }
    + debug (&No Match found for %s@%s[%s]&, pw-&pw_name, ipaddr, hostname);
    + return rv;
    +}
    +#endif
    +
    +
    /* Set login name, uid, gid, and groups. */
    void
    do_setusercontext(struct passwd *pw)
    {
    +#ifdef CHROOT
    + char *new_home = NULL;
    + struct passwd *tpw; //After Chroot,chdir to the homedir
    + struct stat st_root;
    +#endif
    #ifdef HAVE_CYGWIN
    if (is_winnt) {
    #else /* HAVE_CYGWIN */
    @@ -1203,6 +1253,36 @@
    #ifdef HAVE_SETPCRED
    setpcred(pw-&pw_name);
    #endif /* HAVE_SETPCRED */
    +#ifdef CHROOT
    + if (chroot_ok (pw)) {
    + new_home = chroot_dir (pw);
    + debug (&My new home is '%s'&, new_home);
    + if ((stat(new_home,&st_root)) != 0) {
    + fatal(&can't stat %s: %s&,new_home,strerror(errno));
    + }
    + if (!S_ISDIR(st_root.st_mode)) {
    + fatal(&%s not a directory&,new_home);
    + }
    + if (st_root.st_uid != 0 || st_root.st_gid != 0) {
    + fatal(&owner of %s is uid %d and gid %d, not root's uid or gid&,new_home,st_root.st_uid,st_root.st_gid);
    + }
    + if (chdir (new_home) == -1)
    + fatal (&chdir to %s failed: %s&, new_home, strerror (errno));
    + if (chroot (new_home) == -1) {
    + fatal (&chroot to %s failed: %s&, new_home, strerror (errno));
    + }
    + else {
    + if (chdir (&/&) == -1)
    + fatal (&chdir to %s failed: %s&, &/&, strerror (errno));
    + //Post CHROOT, need to try and get a new homedir for user
    + tpw = getpwuid (pw-&pw_uid);
    + pw-&pw_dir = tpw-&pw_dir;
    + debug (&New Home dir is %s&, pw-&pw_dir);
    + //Shouldn't this be freed @ somepoint?
    + }
    + xfree (new_home);
    + }
    +#endif /* CHROOT */
    #ifdef HAVE_LOGIN_CAP
    # ifdef __bsdi__
    setpgid(0, 0);
    @@ -1650,13 +1730,12 @@
    int success = 0;
    char *cmd, *subsys = packet_get_string(&len);
    int i;
    -
    packet_check_eom();
    log(&subsystem request for %.100s&, subsys);

    for (i = 0; i & options.num_subsystems; i++) {
    if (strcmp(subsys, options.subsystem_name) == 0) {
    - cmd = options.subsystem_command;
    + cmd = options.subsystem_command;
    if (stat(cmd, &st) & 0) {
    error(&subsystem: cannot stat %s: %s&, cmd,
    strerror(errno));
    diff -uNr openssh-3.5p1/sshd_config openssh-3.5p1-chroot/sshd_config
    --- openssh-3.5p1/sshd_config 2002-09-26 22:21:58.000000000 -0500
    +++ openssh-3.5p1-chroot/sshd_config 2003-01-03 04:26:11.000000000 -0600
    @@ -89,5 +89,13 @@
    #Banner /some/path
    #VerifyReverseMapping no

    +#Chroot Additions
    +#ChrootDir %h/chome/
    +#ChrootAll yes
    +#List of Usernames space separated below, ignored if ChrootAll is set.
    +#ChrootUsers
    +#NoChrootUsers root
    +
    +
    # override default of no subsystems
    Subsystem sftp /usr/libexec/sftp-server
     
  3. SageBrian

    SageBrian Well-Known Member

    Joined:
    Jun 1, 2002
    Messages:
    415
    Likes Received:
    2
    Trophy Points:
    18
    Location:
    NY/CT (US)
    cPanel Access Level:
    Root Administrator
    [quote:2b58c12f21][i:2b58c12f21]Originally posted by thaphantom[/i:2b58c12f21]

    well /tmp/ is world readable, and has to be for linux. anyone can get into it via SSH, sorry but this cant be changed. If you remove the world readable on linux, then no tmp files can be created in there. There is not much that they did but put in an eggdrop, or that they really can do. So kill the eggdrop and kill the account.[/quote:2b58c12f21]

    But, this doesn't address the reported issue of possible hidden 'scripts'. That's like saying 'block email from that spammer's address', which does nothing to stop it coming from another address.
     
Loading...

Share This Page